Juvenile justice training resources

This page is a companion resource to my forensic psychology course component on juvenile justice. Where available, I have linked to the resources online. 



Juvenile CourtGrisso, T. (2013). Forensic Evaluation of Juveniles, Second Edition. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.

Grisso, T., Vincent, G., & Seagrave, D. (2005). Mental Health Screening and Assessment in Juvenile Justice. New York: Guilford Press.

Hoge, R. D. & Andrews, D. A. (2010) Evaluation for Risk of Violence in Juveniles: Best Practices in Forensic Mental Health Assessment. Oxford University Press.

Otto, R., Borum, R., & Epstein, M. (2012). Evaluation of children in the juvenile justice system. In: Faust, D. (2012). Coping with Psychiatric and Psychological Testimony, 6th Edition. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sparta, S. & Koocher, G. (2006). Forensic Mental Health Assessment of Children and Adolescents. Oxford University Press.

Ethics and bias:

Bridges, G.S., & Steen, S. (1998).  Racial disparities in official assessments of juvenile offenders: Attributional stereotypes as mediating mechanismsAmerican Sociological Review,  63, 554-570.

Graham, S., & Lowery, B.S. (2004).  Priming Unconscious Racial Stereotypes About Adolescent Offenders.  Law and Human Behavior,  28, 483-504.

Poe-Yamagata, E. & Noya, M. (2005), Race disparities in the juvenile justice system. In: Race, Culture, Psychology, & Law, Chapter 21, pp. 311-325.

Adolescent development and maturity:

Bonnie, R. J., & Scott, E. S. (2013). The Teenage Brain: Adolescent Brain Research and the Law. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(2), 158–161.

Cauffman, E., & Steinberg, L. (2000). (Im)maturity of judgment in adolescence: why adolescents may be less culpable than adults. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 18(6), 741–60.

Sampson, R.J., & Laub, J.H. (2003).  Life-course desisters? Trajectories of crime among delinquent boys followed to age 70.  Criminology,  41, 555

Steinberg, L., Graham, S., O’Brien, L., Woolard, J., Cauffman, E., & Banich, M. (2009). Age differences in future orientation and delay discounting. Child Development, 80(1), 28–44.

Steinberg, L., & Scott, E. S. (2003). Less guilty by reason of adolescence: developmental immaturity, diminished responsibility, and the juvenile death penalty. The American Psychologist, 58(12), 1009-1018.

Competency to stand trial and restoration treatment:

Cox, J. M., Goldstein, N. E. S., Dolores, J., Zelechoski, A. D., & Messenheimer, S. (2012). The impact of juveniles’ ages and levels of psychosocial maturity on judges’ opinions about adjudicative competence. Law and Human Behavior, 36(1), 21–7.

Davis, D. L., & Kukor, T. J. (2014). Competence to Proceed and Juvenile Courts. In S. J. Morewitz & M. L. Goldstein (Eds.), Handbook of Forensic Sociology and Psychology. New York, NY: Springer New York.

Felthous, A. R. (2011). Commentary: Competence to stand trial in juveniles and the judgment model. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 39(3), 327–31.

Kruh, I. & Grisso, T. (2009) Evaluation of Juveniles’ Competence to Stand Trial: Best Practices in Forensic Mental Health Assessment. Oxford University Press.

Otto, R. K. (2007). Considerations in the Assessment of Competence to Proceed in Juvenile Court. Northern Kentucky Law Review.

Virginia, U. of. (2012). Restoring Youth: A University-Practitioner Model for Remediating Youth Adjudicated Incompetent to Stand Trial.

Warren, J. I., DuVal, J., Komarovskaya, I., Chauhan, P., Buffington-Vollum, J., & Ryan, E. (2009). Developing a Forensic Service Delivery System for Juveniles Adjudicated Incompetent to Stand Trial. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 8(4), 245–262.

Yanofski, J. (2010). Recognizing Immaturity as a Cause of Juvenile Incompetency to Stand Trial. The Residents’ Journal (American Journal of Psychiatry), 5(6).

Juvenile transfer:

Cauffman, E., Piquero, A. R., Kimonis, E., Steinberg, L., Chassin, L., & Fagan, J. (2007). Legal, individual, and environmental predictors of court disposition in a sample of serious adolescent offenders. Law and Human Behavior, 31(6), 519–35.

Brannen, D. N., Salekin, R. T., Zapf, P.., Salekin, K. L., Kubak, F. & DeCoster, J. (2006). Transfer to adult court: A national study of how juvenile court judges weigh pertinent Kent criteria. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 12(3), 332–355.

Desistance from delinquency

Mulvey, E. P. (2004). Introduction: Pathways to Desistance Study. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 2(3), 211–212.


Leschied, A. W., Chiodo, D., Whitehead, P. C., Hurley, D., & Leschied, A. W. (2005). The relationship between maternal depression and child outcomes in a child welfare sample : implications for treatment and policy, (November), 281–291

Romeo, R. D. (2013). The Teenage Brain: The Stress Response and the Adolescent Brain. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22(2), 140–145.

Maschi, T., Bradley, C. a., & Morgen, K. (2008). Unraveling the Link Between Trauma and Delinquency: The Mediating Role of Negative Affect and Delinquent Peer Exposure. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 6(2), 136–157.

Special populations:

Marksamer, J. (2008). And by the Way , Do You Know He Thinks He’s a Girl? The Failures of Law, Policy, and Legal Representation for Transgender Youth in Juvenile Delinquency Courts, 5(1), 72–92.

Forensic diagnosis

Viljoen, J. L., MacDougall, E. a. M., Gagnon, N. C., & Douglas, K. S. (2010). Psychopathy evidence in legal proceedings involving adolescent offenders. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 16(3), 254–283.

Karen Franklin, PhD