Research & Publications

Hate crime motivations

Skinhead-borderDr. Franklin was among the first researchers to study hate crime offenders to determine their motivations. Her findings were presented at a U.S. Congressional Briefing, featured on PBS’ documentary series Frontline, and received extensive media coverage.

  • “Antigay behaviors by young adults: Prevalence, patterns and motivators in a noncriminal population.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 15 #4, April 2000
  • “Unassuming motivations: Contextualizing the narratives of antigay assailants.” In: G. M. Herek (Ed.) Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 1997
  • “Good intentions: The practical enforcement of hate crime legislation.” American Behavioral Scientist, September 2002
  • “Hate crimes.” Encyclopedia of Gender. Academic Press, 2001
  • “Violence against homosexuals,” Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace and Conflict. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. 1999

gangrape-2-borderMultiple-perpetrator rape

  • “Enacting masculinity: Antigay violence and group rape as participatory theater.” Sexuality Research & Social Policy, Vol. 1 #2, 2004 (reprinted in 2008 in Crime, Criminal Justice and Masculinities, Ashgate Publishing, UK)

Forensic diagnosis

  • “Malingering as a dichotomous variable: Case report on an insanity defendant,” Journal of Forensic Psychology Practice. Vol. 8 No. 1, pp. 95-107, 2008
  • “Diagnostic controversies in forensic psychology practice,” California Psychologist, January/February 2009, pp. 14-16


  • “Ethics and forensic record-keeping: Does the new law apply?” California Psychologist, May/June 2007, p. 28
  • “Ethics and captive populations,” California Psychologist, March/April 2011, p. 26.